Lithium Chloride Monohydrate

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Lithium (atomic number: 3) is a Block S, Group 1, Period 2 element with atomic weight 6.94. It has a covalent radius of 102+-4 pm and Van der Waals radius of 175 pm.

The lithium atom has an electron configuration [Ne]2s2p5. It is the lightest member of the alkali metals and is also one of the lightest halogens. It is a strong oxidizing agent and is an important component of the lithium-ion battery.


lithium chloride monohydrate is used as a precursor for the production of lithium metal and other lithium compounds. It is also used as a salt bath for heat -treatment by low temperature and soldering techniques. It is also used as a tracer for chemical products like denaturation of wine and as an absorption and disinfection reagent, and a desiccant in air conditioners.


LiCl is an irritant and can be harmful to human health if ingested. Ingestion of high amounts can cause gastrointestinal upset and damage to the central nervous system. Ingestion of liCl as a dietary supplement can also be dangerous because it causes vomiting and diarrhea.

Synthesis and Crystallization of l-Proline lithium chloride monohydrate with Slow Evaporation Solution Growth Technique

L-Proline lithium chloride monohydrate is synthesized using slow evaporation solution growth method by mixing a commercially available l-proline and lithium chloride in the equimolar ratio. The mother solution is then slowly evaporated to produce a smooth, flat single crystal of l-proline lithium chloride monohydrate. The crystal has been characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high-resolution X-ray diffraction (HRXRD).

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