Review of titanium carbide
TiC is the chemical formula for titanium carbide. Its molecular weight is 59.89. Grey metal cubic lattice-solids with gray metal faces. Relative density 4.93, melting point 3140+-90 and boiling point 4820. A hardness greater than 9 Water is insoluble, but it can be broken down by nitric acid or aqua regia. It can be stable at 800C, but it will erode in air higher than 2000. At 1150C, it can react to pure O2.
A metal luster that is made of titanium carbide and iron-gray crystalline is an alloy of the metals. This metal has similar characteristics to other metals, such as high melting points, boiling points and hardness. Also, it is very thermally and electrically conductive. At very low temperatures, superconductivity will be also displayed. This material is commonly used for the production of cermet, hard alloy, heat-resistant, anti-wear, radiation material, and other high-temperature vapour devices.
Material made from titanium carbide-base ceramic material
As a transition metal carbide, titanium carbide clays cannot be used for engineering purposes. Instead, composite materials are often used as a reinforcement phase. However, there is more to the material than can be applied, like the development of titanium carbide pottery.
Ceramic is Titanium Carbide Fund. This ceramic can be made from a type of alloy or metal TiC ceramic phase heterogeneous ceramic material. Both ceramics have high strength, hardness and wear resistance. They also possess chemical stability and mental toughness.
The most common transition metal carbides are titanium carbide ceramics. TiC is unique because it has a combination of metallic, covalent and ionic bonding in its crystal structure. TiC has basic properties such as high hardness (high melting point), wear resistance and electrical conductivity.
The properties of titanium carbide
TiC, which is 20.05% carbon in theory, can be described as light metallic gray. Chemically, it is stable and nearly inert against hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid. TiC dissolves easily in many oxidizing chemicals such as aqua regia or nitric acid. Also, it is soluble in melts of alkaline oxygen. Nitrogen forms at temperatures above 1500 degrees Celsius when heated in a nitrogenous environment. TiC is easily oxidized by air at high temperatures.
The density of TiC stands at 4.94 g/cm3. It has a Mohs Hardness of 9+ and a Microhardness of 3200kg/mm2. It also has an elastic modulus measuring 309 706 MPa. The material’s fracture modulus at 3000 2600 is 499.8 and 843.2 MPa when heated to room temperature. The temperature modulus for fracture ranges between 107.78 mph and 116.96mpa in 982, as well as 54.4 mpa through 63.92mpa in 2200. The melting temperature of TiC is 3160 degrees C and the resistivity at room temperatures is 180 250 This conductor can also be used at higher temperatures. It has a thermal expansion coefficient of 4.12 x 10-6/degF between room temperature (593degC) and 593degC (593degC). Thermal conductivity is 0.041 Cal /cm S/degC.
Titan carbide ceramics are used
1. Material with multiple phases
The titanium carbide ceramics can be used to make superhard tools. These ceramics consist of TiN and WC as well as Al2O3 or other raw materials. This material has a high melting temperature, hardness, chemical stability and is therefore the most preferred for cutting tool-resistant parts. High-speed wire conducting wheels made of titanium carbide ceramic are used to cut carbon steel and high-speed wire. A variety of multiphase ceramic tools made with titanium carbide can be found.
2. Materials for Coating
As a protective coating for the diamond’s surface, titanium carbide provides a wear-resistant finish. Some powerful carbides are applied to the surface of diamonds by chemical and physical processes in order form metals or other alloys. The metals or alloys are formed when they react at high temperatures with carbon atoms. These carbides are able to bond well with diamonds and can also be permeated through matrix metal. It enhances diamond-matrix metal adhesion. The tool’s life span can be prolonged by depositing titanium carbonide films.
3. Research into the nuclear fusion reaction
The titanium carbide and the (TiN+ TIC) composite coating materials, when chemically heated, create a tritium-resistant layer of permeability on the surface. It can resist high temperature gradients and thermal cycling, as well as resisting hydrogen ion radiation.
Titanium carbide can be used to make smelting Tin, Lead, Cadmium and Zin, as well as other metal crucibles.
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